Nelson Mandela – Symbol of freedom and equality (Part 2)

In 1947, Nelson was elected to the Standing and directly served as Secretary of the Transvaal Union. It was his first public title at the African National Congress (ANC), the leader of the national liberation struggle movement to gain freedom and equality for South Africans.

In the white election of 1948, Daniel Malan’s National Party with Apartheid won the election. Under Malan’s iron hand, a series of bizarre laws serving the worst and bloodiest racist policy in civilized human history have been issued. ANC organized a non-violent protest movement, calling on all strikers, MITs to protest. In 1952, Nelson opened a lawyer’s office to defend the poor as well as participate in peaceful opposition activities. But in 1956 Nelson and 150 others were arrested with treason. Thanks to the defense of the lawyer, troubled for 5 years, the defendants were acquitted.

When the path of non-violent struggle was banned, the ANC leadership decided to establish an “armed wing” but an “independent organization” under the administration of the ANC. In November 1961, Nelson Mandela became the leader of the armed wing MK, using force in his struggle.

In early 1962, Nelson secretly toured a series of countries: Tanzania, Sudan, Ethiopie, Egypt, Algeria, Ghinea, Senagal and England to expand relations and enlist support in politics, economy and training military for MK. Upon returning home (August 1962), he was arrested on charges of inciting unrest and leaving South Africa illegally, sentenced to five years in prison. In June 1964, Nelson was sentenced to life hardship for “planning to destroy the state”. In court, Nelson Mandela was stunned: “I devoted my life to the South African people’s struggle. I upheld the ideal of democracy and free society in which all people equally live together in the same conditions and abilities. It is an ideal that I take for living and hope to achieve. But if I need, I will also sacrifice for that ideal. “