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Diversity in South African art

South American rugby is known. But in the field of culture, with a few exceptions, many of the country’s artistic aspects are quite alien to the French people. In order to capture the missed bridge, this year France has devoted many festival programs to talk about South Africa.

With the first World Cup in Africa, of course all attention is on South Africa. France has spent many festivals talking about South Africa. Regarding literature, we must mention the festival was held in the city of Toulouse in southern France.

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South Africa is the guest of honor this year. Regarding music, at the Rio Loco international music festival is about to open from June 17 to 21 also in Toulouse. Or at the Midem Cannes International Music Fair, South Africa always occupies a separate place in the official program.

The Focus on South Africa program at Parc de la Villette gave the music a separate space through three performances. Film composer Eric Mouquet and especially singer Johnny Clegg was famous for his work Asimbonangua in 1986.

Glad is one of the famous South African artists in the world. Especially after the film Mon Nom Est Tsotsi, which he composed of music, won an Oscar.

We remember in the mid-80s of last century, living in a racist country like South Africa. He composed music and lyrics for Asimbonangua.

It was a provocative work for the White House government at the time. They protested the detention of leader Nelson Mandela on Robben Island.

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The legend of Masekela has been widely mentioned in the press by King Louis Armstrong giving this South African artist the trompette. To this day, Hugh Masekela is the most representative face of South African jazz.

The Focus on South Africa, held at Parc de la Villette. This was ended with a memorable performance night to commemorate the release of 20 South African leaders.

Many stars not only of South Africa. But they also of the whole continent went back in time to return to the songs marked during South Africa’s 30 apartheid regimes.

South Africa is expected to spend more than $ 1 billion to help South Africa Airways work again

The South African government has just announced plans to provide financial assistance worth 16.4 billion Rand. They are trying to revive the national airline South Africa Airways (SAA) which is currently in a state of heavy losses.

South African Finance Minister Tito Mboweni said the government has arranged Rand 16.4 billion to help SAA fulfill its financial obligations.

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Minister Tito Mboweni said that according to the plan, the bailout package will be disbursed within the next 3 years. However, the allocation plan will be continuously adjusted and updated according to the actual operational situation of SAA to bring the highest efficiency.

This 100-year-old airline announces plans to cease operations on most domestic flights and some international flights. At the same time they consider selling some assets and cutting staff to minimize operating costs.

The SAA staffs went on strike to protest plans to cut wages and lay off 900 employees. They forced the airline to cancel all flights for several days. SAA said a union strike representing about 3,000 of its 5,000 employees caused damages to the company 50 million Rand.

In fact, SAA has started to suffer from losses since 2008 due to weak management capacity. They lead to the loss of a large number of passengers to low-cost airlines.

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In addition, operating costs are increasing, especially fuel prices. They have helped push one of Africa’s most historic airlines into a spiral of loss. The largest airline in South Africa, South African Airways (SA) is also the national airline. As a Star Alliance member, SA flies non-stop to more than 40 destinations in 26 countries.

One of the top famous airports in South Africa that you will not be missed is Cape Town Airport. This is the operational center of South African Airways. Cape Town International Airport is the second largest airport in South Africa. After Johannesburg International Airport, that’s the third largest in Africa and the main gateway for transporting tourists.

South Africa – a country with many capitals

South Africa has 11 different names, corresponding to 11 official languages. This is Africa, but a lot of Africans.

The capital Pretoria – named after Andries Pretorius – a highly respected African-American but the father of Apartheid, has since been renamed Tshware since 2005. It means “We are equal”. However, the central area is still named Pretoria and people still call it that.

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Cape Town in Western Cape Province – dubbed the “Best City in the World”. So many names are enough to tell the charm of this beautiful land. There is often white cloud covered here like a huge chiffon spread over the great table of creation.

This is a very beautiful location to enjoy the panoramic view of the bustling streets and busy commercial ports. Clifton Beach was voted by Forbes magazine as one of the 10 beautiful beaches of the world.

And the judicial capital Bloemfontem was dubbed the “Fountain”, “City of roses”. There are also many unique architectures with brilliant rose gardens, many modern industrial facilities. Pinunesberg National Park, 55,000 hectares, is home to more than 7,000 animals of hundreds of different species.

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You can ride a special car to visit or drive by yourself to discover or board the balloon for a panoramic view. The edge of the forest has enough rest services, from affordable to high-end, very professional. Kruger National Park has such characteristics.

South Africa ranks 3rd in terms of biodiversity. There are many strange plants. South Africa’s diverse culture is expressed not only in language and lifestyle but also in architecture, music, dancing, festivals, especially food. Word Cup 2010 introduced the world to a friendly South Africa, able to organize big events and unique cuisine. Corn is the main food in meals.

Besides are the world famous wines. Boerewors is a South African sausage that’s both long and big and has a lot of strange flavors. Biltong is dried meat cut into pieces, a type of fast food.

Antarctica recorded the first heat wave in history

In January this year, for the first time, Antarctica recorded a temperature of 9.2 degrees Celsius. It was the highest in history since the statistics began.

According to the DPA, scientists knowledgeable that the Antarctic had experienced the first heat wave in history. And they are concerned about the long-term effects this phenomenon could have on animals, plants and ecosystems here.

Experts from the Australian Antarctic Research Program have noted the occurrence of an unusual heat wave. It was discovered at the Casey Research Station on the frozen eastern continent in the summer of 2019. And they also reported record high temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula.

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The highest temperature in history has been recorded at Casey station. And this phenomenon is called heat wave – when there are 3 consecutive days, the temperature is at the highest level.

In these days, the lowest temperature measured is above 0 degrees Celsius. While the highest temperature is above 7.5 degrees Celsius.

On January 24 recorded a record high temperature of 9.2 degrees C – never appeared in history. This is 6.9 degrees Celsius higher than the average highest heat level recorded at Casey station.

Other temperature records also appeared at research stations in the Antarctic Peninsula in February. The average daily temperature exceeds the long-term average from 2 to 2.4 degrees Celsius.

The findings were published today March 31 in the journal Global Change Biology. It is found by researchers from the University of Wollongong, the University of Tasmania and the Antarctic Division of Australia.

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The scientists conclude that based on previous experience of the times when the Antarctic summers became unusually hot. We will likely see countless biological impacts appear in the coming years. It shows the impact of climate change on the most remote regions of the planet.

Dana Bergstrom thinks hot summers will most likely lead to a long-term volatility. The change in temperature will also affect plants and animals that are used to the low temperatures of Antarctica.

Why South Africa is the least civilized country on the Internet? (Part 2)

Many online behavior issues in South Africa

This is not the first report to show online problems in South Africa. In 2019, market research firm YouGov’s report showed that 24% of South Africa’s internet users have admitted being scammed online. Up to 28% of people have ever had unauthorized access to their accounts, and 53% have ever received phishing phishing emails.

Cyberbullying is another problem. In 2015, market analysis firm YouGove found that South Africa was among the four countries with the highest cyberbullying rates in the world. The survey found that one in five adolescents in South Africa has been bullied, and 84% know the bullying victim online.

This number remains unchanged after many years. In 2019, Ipsos’ annual online bullying report showed that 25% of South African parents admitted their children were victims. The number of parents who know a victim of bullying is up to 54%, much higher than the average of 33% through a survey of 28 countries.

The majority of parents (66%) consider social networks to be the preferred environment for bullying. The bully is mostly a classmate (67%) or relative (15%) of the victim.

South Africa has enacted the Anti-Harassment Act, which includes provisions for online harassment. If brought to court and the verdict is harassed, the victim will be entitled to a protection from the court. If the perpetrator continues to harass, he may be arrested.

Disparaging, cyber attacks are not just aimed at teenagers. In 2019, when the beautiful South African Zozibini Tunzi was selected to take the Miss Universe contest, she received a lot of criticism from the country’s social networking accounts. Veteran journalist Redi Tlhabi is also a victim of troll accounts.

However, in these cases the victims were protected. Tunzi advocates quickly point out the flaws in the comments made by the disdain, even attacking these accounts. Ms Tlhabi, meanwhile, thinks she is ready to respond to all her personal and family attacks.

With many issues of online behavior, it’s not surprising that South Africa for the third time in a row is a “hot spot” about uncivilized in Microsoft’s report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why South Africa is the least civilized country on the Internet? (Part 1)

Of the 25 countries surveyed, Microsoft ranked South Africa as the least civilized country on the Internet. What criteria are they sorted by?

In early February, Microsoft published a report on the index of civilization on the Internet (DCI). This result was announced by Microsoft on the International Day of Internet Safety. In this list, Microsoft ranks South Africa as the country with the lowest level of Internet civilization. The survey was conducted to understand users’ experiences on the 21 risks caused by inappropriate behaviors. The survey participants were teenagers and adults from 25 countries.

Why is South Africa leading the list?

According to Microsoft, the digital civilization index is measured by the feedback of teens and adults about the online experience and the risks coming from the Internet. Specifically, Microsoft lists 21 types of cyber risks, divided into four categories related to reputation, behavior, sexual assault and exploitation of personal information.

The lower the index of a country, the less likely it is that Internet users in that country are at less risk from the network, or in other words, civilized network users. This is the first time that 3 countries have reached over 80%, of which the highest is South Africa at 83%.

According to a Microsoft report, South African surveyors said the most common risk online was unwanted contact (53%), fraud (40%), bad treatment (37%) and texting. Bad news (34%). Up to 87% said they had encountered problems at least twice, 95% had suffered from online troubles, and 71% were concerned about the risks coming back.

The most controversial topics online in South Africa are race (56%), politics (41%), religion (38%), sexual orientation (34%) and appearance (32%).

For incidents that are deeply emotional, South African users say that discrimination, smear reputation and online harassment are the biggest risks

In previous Microsoft reports, South Africa always ranked low. In 2018, the country ranked last among 14 countries surveyed. In 2019, South Africa is ranked 21/22 countries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rugby star Bryan Habana (South Africa) joins Laureus World Sports Academy

Ahead of the 20th Laureus World Sports Awards Berlin, star and legendary South African rugby player Bryan Habana had the honor of becoming a member of Laureus World Sports Academy.

Bryan Habana was warmly welcomed

Considered one of the greatest rugby players of all time, Bryan Habana was inspired to participate in the sport, seeing South African President Nelson Mandela and Francois Pienaar, captain The South African rugby team lifted the trophy for the rugby world championship team in 1995. Sitting in the stands at Ellis Park, he dared to dream of becoming one of the top scorers in top contests of this sport.

Bryan Habana was the star of the Rugby World Cup (World Cup) in 2007, scoring eight times (try) to help the South African team become world champions. With 8 goals, Bryan Habana set the tournament’s record on par with the performance of rugby star Jonah Lomu (New Zealand). He was also voted the World Footballer of the World Championship in 2007. With 67 goals, Bryan was second in the list of all-time scorers. When he became a world champion, he also won many titles at other prestigious competitions such as Tri Nations, a Lions Series of England and Ireland and the European Cup.

In 2009, Bryan Habana was selected as the Ambassador for the Laureus Sport for Good Program and for the past decade, he has been a devoted member of the Laureus family, spending time visiting programs around the world, improving awareness and call for funding to support the transformation of these programs. Bryan Habana joins the current 68-member family of Laureus World Sports Academy.

The Laureus Sport for Good program has raised over 150 million EUR for the Sports for Development field over the past 20 years. Together with partners, the Laureus Sport for Good program has been approaching and helping to change the lives of nearly 6 million children and young people since 2000. Currently, this program supports more than 200 programs in more than 40 countries, using the power of sport to change lives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa’s economy is facing crisis risks (Part 3)

Economists and public finance experts have not yet reached a consensus on the specific acceptable debt threshold.

However, it is clear that the higher the ratio of public debt to the size of the economy, the greater the risk. This is especially true when economic growth is lackluster, and this low level of growth has taken place in South Africa over the past several years. Recent developments have made the situation even more gloomy.

In the 2019 budget estimate, the South African State Treasury indicated that it may be forced to exceed the spending ceiling for the first time to provide the National Power Company of Eskom with a $1.5 billion bailout year for the next 10 years. The above measure should be implemented even when other plans have been implemented, including job cuts in public services and additional tax measures.

Since then, the National Energy Regulatory Authority (NERSA) has allowed Eskom to enjoy lower than expected tax increases. The South African government has also proposed additional support to Eskom more than 4 billion USD in the next 2 years.

The South African government does not seem to be able to cut such large sums in other regions to make up for this. Despite the money being poured into Eskom, there has not been any indication that the company’s overall plan to stabilize its finances has been given.

Meanwhile, South Africa is still facing many other financial risks. Economic growth and job creation are negligible and both are below the population growth. This means a higher unemployment rate and a decrease in per capita income. Faced with the Eskom crisis in both public finance and economic growth, the only way to rise is to ensure social consensus.

President Ramaphosa has his own weapons to achieve a “social agreement” of this type but the head of the South African Government acts too slowly. This may be partly due to the constant factional battle at the ANC and the unprecedented attack on President Ramaphosa and his close allies such as Public Business Minister Pravin Gordhan. This country inspection is underway.

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa’s economy is facing crisis risks (Part 2)

The economic downturn is often attributed to the causes before President Ramaphosa succeeded Jacob Zuma in February 2018. Admittedly, President Ramaphosa was unable to save himself by making commitments, such as creating jobs – which were beyond the ability of the Government.

Realizing why these commitments are not exactly the key factors to blame and assess the cause of the status quo, as well as the next direction for South Africa.

Unfortunately, aside from the blame, the majority of policy discussions consist only of vicious disagreements. This is related to the time the government was held by the African National Congress (ANC) through the “Growth, employment and redistribution” strategy (GEAR), which was held by coalition partner right to oppose and criticize. The GEAR strategy is primarily intended to reduce the levels of debt that the new democratic government must receive from racism.

Left-wing commentators have long advocated expansionary fiscal policy, which means a significant increase in government spending. The group also asked the State Treasury to implement a “austerity” policy after 2008. This is not logical. First, after 2008, South Africa actually adopted a “counter-cyclical” approach: Government spending grew faster than revenue – the cause of national debt began to escalate.

Second, increasing government spending in the direction of the proposal, albeit in the best scenario, is a highly risky strategy. In the context of South Africa’s public finances, the increase in spending, which has not brought about significant economic growth and tax revenue, will lead to a serious decline in public finance. That could harm future generations.

The risks seem bigger than this benefit will never be mentioned by populists, because this school simply “mimics” the arguments that have existed in previous periods.

The fact is, although the State Treasury tried to maintain government spending to support the economy after the global financial crisis and then tried to stabilize debt levels by using the ” financial consolidation, ”but that could not work either.

The economy has not recovered and it is attributed to systemic corruption and government failures under President Zuma. Public debt targets are often not met. At one point, the debt of the South African Government was expected to stabilize below 45% of GDP, but now it exceeds 60% and is likely to reach 70% of GDP within the next few years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa’s economy is facing crisis risks (Part 1)

The State Treasury maintained government spending to support the economy after the financial crisis and then stabilized debt levels with fiscal consolidation policies, but they did not work.

The website qz.com recently published an analysis by Professor Seán Mfundza Muller, senior lecturer in economics and senior researcher at the Center for Public Economic and Environmental Research (PEERC) at the University of Johannesburg ( South Africa) about the serious difficulties facing the South African economy. The article has the following content.

South Africa’s public finances are in jeopardy with four main reasons. Firstly, economic growth is low or almost zero. Second, tax revenue continues to be lower than expected. Third, public debt / GDP increased rapidly and is currently at its highest level in the post-apartheid period (1994). Fourth, the ineffective operation of state-owned enterprises has led to the government needing large-scale bailout.

Since the submission of the fiscal year 2019/2020 in February 2019, the economic and financial situation has become worse. If Moody’s international credit rating downgrades South Africa’s investment credit (the other two firms, Fitch and S&P, have rated South Africa’s investment as undeserved – the “junk”) will lead to disbursement of investment capital and exacerbating the problem. In fact, South Africa is lucky because this has not happened.

The current public financial situation in South Africa is the result of many different factors in the three overlapping periods. The first is the period after the 2008 global financial crisis. The second is the second term in office of President Jacob Zuma. Phase 3 is the period since President Cyril Ramaphosa came to power in February 2018. A thorough review of these stages will result in conflict with popular statements in the current political context.

Some argue that South Africa’s current troubles start with the former President Zuma’s reign, but this attribution is incorrect. In public finance, the first shock on the South African economy was the global financial crisis.

Others assess former President Zuma not responsible for poor public financial performance and economy, but this is also not true. In fact, during the time of President Zuma, South Africa’s economic performance was able to recover much higher than it actually was. In addition, government revenue seems to have been negatively affected by the institutional instability of the South African Tax Authority.

Finally, the decline of economic indicators (growth and employment), combined with the inefficiency of budget revenue and public finance, posed a great challenge for President Ramaphosa. That simple fact seems unbelievable.